Unlocking Plant Growth Secrets: Study of a Helpful Bacterium from Mangrove Trees

Jenn Hoskins
6th July, 2024

Unlocking Plant Growth Secrets: Study of a Helpful Bacterium from Mangrove Trees

Image Source: Natural Science News, 2024

Key Findings

  • The study, conducted in Saudi Arabia, focused on the halophilic marine bacterium Tritonibacter mobilis AK171, isolated from mangrove environments
  • T. mobilis AK171 promotes plant growth in saline conditions by producing beneficial compounds like siderophores and indole acetic acid (IAA)
  • The bacterium shows high tolerance to salinity and temperature, making it suitable for use in saline irrigation to enhance plant growth
The scarcity of freshwater resources is a significant challenge in agriculture, leading to substantial yield losses. Addressing this issue by utilizing saline water, which is abundantly available, presents a promising solution. A recent study conducted by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology has shed light on this possibility through the investigation of the halophilic marine bacterium, Tritonibacter mobilis AK171[1]. T. mobilis AK171 was isolated from mangrove environments, known for their high salinity and waterlogged conditions. This bacterium exhibits several plant growth-promoting (PGP) traits, including the production of siderophores and indole acetic acid (IAA), although it does not solubilize phosphate nor produce hydrolytic enzymes. Remarkably, AK171 has shown a high tolerance to both high temperatures and salinity, making it a potential candidate for promoting plant growth in saline irrigation conditions. To understand the mechanisms behind its PGP abilities, a comprehensive genome sequence analysis of T. mobilis AK171 was conducted. The analysis revealed a range of genes and pathways that enable the bacterium to adapt to salinity and waterlogging stress. Specifically, genes involved in stress response, biofilm formation, and the synthesis of antimicrobial compounds were identified. These findings suggest that T. mobilis AK171 can establish symbiotic relationships with host plants and protect them against phytopathogens through the production of compounds such as tropodithietic acid (TDA). This study builds on previous research highlighting the importance of microbial partners in enhancing plant growth and health. For instance, it has been recognized that plants, as metaorganisms, rely on a multitude of microbes for essential functions to adapt to their environment[2]. The dynamic interactions between plants and their associated microbiota are influenced by various factors, and understanding these interactions can pave the way for sustainable agricultural practices. The findings of T. mobilis AK171 align with earlier studies on actinobacteria from coastal salt marsh soils, which also demonstrated the potential of these bacteria in promoting plant growth under saline conditions[3]. Actinobacteria, such as Streptomyces sp. and Micromonospora sp., have shown the ability to enhance seed germination and seedling growth under salt stress by producing PGP traits like IAA and siderophores. Similarly, T. mobilis AK171's ability to produce siderophores and IAA contributes to its effectiveness in promoting plant growth in saline environments. Furthermore, the study on Enterobacter sp. SA187, a desert plant endophytic bacterium, revealed mechanisms by which beneficial microbes induce plant stress tolerance, such as the production of bacterial 2-keto-4-methylthiobutyric acid (KMBA), which is converted into ethylene[4]. This highlights the diverse strategies employed by different microbes to enhance plant resilience under abiotic stress conditions. The genomic insights gained from the study of T. mobilis AK171 provide valuable information for understanding the molecular basis of plant-microbial interactions in challenging environments. The identification of stress-responsive genes, biofilm formation capabilities, and antimicrobial compound synthesis underscores the potential of T. mobilis AK171 in sustainable agriculture. By leveraging such beneficial microbes, it is possible to enhance plant productivity and health in saline and waterlogged conditions, reducing the dependency on freshwater resources and chemical inputs. In conclusion, the research conducted by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology on T. mobilis AK171 offers promising applications for sustainable agriculture in saline environments. By expanding our understanding of plant-microbial interactions and harnessing the capabilities of beneficial microbes, we can develop innovative solutions to address the pressing challenge of freshwater scarcity in agriculture.

GeneticsPlant ScienceMarine Biology

References

Main Study

1) Unraveling the genomic secrets of Tritonibacter mobilis AK171: a plant growth-promoting bacterium isolated from Avicennia marina

Published 5th July, 2024

https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-024-10555-0


Related Studies

2) Tailoring plant-associated microbial inoculants in agriculture: a roadmap for successful application.

https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/eraa111


3) Phylogenetic diversity and investigation of plant growth-promoting traits of actinobacteria in coastal salt marsh plant rhizospheres from Jiangsu, China.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.syapm.2018.06.003


4) Ethylene induced plant stress tolerance by Enterobacter sp. SA187 is mediated by 2-keto-4-methylthiobutyric acid production.

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1007273



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