Soil from Organic Farms Boosts Disease Defense in Other Soils

Greg Howard
2nd March, 2024

Soil from Organic Farms Boosts Disease Defense in Other Soils

Image Source: Natural Science News, 2024

Key Findings

  • Indian study shows organic soil microbes can make wheat-growing soil resist diseases
  • Treated soil reduced wheat disease and improved soil nutrients and enzyme activity
  • This simple method could boost sustainable farming and yields, especially in developing nations
Agriculture faces a constant battle against plant diseases, which can devastate crops and compromise food security. One promising solution lies in leveraging the soil's own microbial community to defend against these pathogens. Recent research from the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi[1] has made a significant advance in this area, demonstrating a practical method to convert disease-prone soil into one that actively suppresses plant pathogens, using organic farming principles. The study focused on a common problem: soils that, under conventional farming practices, become conducive to plant diseases. These soils lack the microbial diversity and activity needed to fend off pathogens like Rhizoctonia solani and Fusarium oxysporum, fungi that can cause significant damage to crops such as wheat. The researchers' innovative approach involved inoculating this vulnerable soil with microorganisms from an organic field known to suppress such diseases. The results were clear: wheat plants grown in the inoculated soil showed reduced disease severity compared to those in untreated soil. This improvement was attributed to the newly introduced, beneficial microbes from the organic soil. These microbes not only helped control the pathogens but also enhanced the soil's nutrient content and increased the activity of enzymes that break down pathogen structures. This study builds on earlier research that has shown the importance of soil microbes in plant health. For example, a study on eggplant varieties[2] found that certain rhizosphere (root zone) microbiomes could be transferred to other plants, conferring resistance to bacterial wilt disease. Similarly, soil under long-term organic farming was shown to harbor fungal communities with a higher potential to suppress soil-borne pathogens[3]. These findings underscore the role of specific microbial taxa in disease resistance and the potential of organic farming practices to cultivate such beneficial communities. Another study[4] revealed the dynamic nature of plant-microbe interactions, where plants can 'recruit' beneficial microbes in response to pathogen attack. This "cry for help" strategy enriches protective microbes that can enhance the plant's own defenses. The current research echoes this concept, demonstrating that introducing a diverse and disease-suppressive microbial community can transform a soil's characteristics to protect plants. The methods employed by the researchers are notable for their simplicity and potential for broad application, especially in developing countries where sustainable farming practices are crucial. By using soil from an established organic field, the researchers have provided a blueprint for enhancing soil health and crop resilience in a sustainable and cost-effective manner. In conclusion, the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi's study offers a practical approach to turning disease-conducive soil into a robust, self-defending growing environment. By harnessing the power of organic soil microbiomes, farmers could reduce reliance on chemical treatments, promote sustainable agriculture, and improve crop yields. This research not only aligns with previous studies[2][3][4] that highlight the importance of microbial allies in agriculture but also provides a tangible method for farmers to exploit these relationships for healthier crops and soils.

EnvironmentPlant ScienceAgriculture

References

Main Study

1) Transplantation of soil from organic field confers disease suppressive ability to conducive soil.

Published 28th February, 2024

https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274-024-03895-2


Related Studies

2) Exploring rhizo-microbiome transplants as a tool for protective plant-microbiome manipulation.

https://doi.org/10.1038/s43705-022-00094-8


3) Role of Fungi in Imparting General Disease Suppressiveness in Soil from Organic Field.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-023-02211-z


4) Deciphering the mechanism of fungal pathogen-induced disease-suppressive soil.

https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.18886



Related Articles

An unhandled error has occurred. Reload 🗙